According to the UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report one percent of the worlds population was displaced last year, increasing for the eighth year in a row.
The report for 2019 was released on June 18 showing that for the first time one percent of the worlds population, nearly 79.5 million people, were in forced displacement.
When the figure is broken down it has some surprising results.
Of the 79.5 million only 26 million are refugees under the UNHCR and UNRWA with 4.2 million are new asylum seekers and 3.6 million displaced Venezuelans, making up less than half of the total (33.8 million) with the rest (45.7 million) are displaced within their own country.
When it comes to where they are displaced from 80 percent come from countries with food insecurities and malnutrition while 68 percent of the 79.5 million come from 5 countries.
Of the five countries it is not surprising that the top spot is held by Syria with 6.6 million, the countries instability due to civil war has seen its citizens leave to be re-homed around the world with some coming to Cumbria.
The next is Venezuela (3.7 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.2 million) and Myanmar (1.1 million), all countries have faced either famine or continued unrest and instability.
With so many people on the move the trend is for them to move to a neighboring country with 73 percent doing so, meaning that 85 percent of people end up in a developing country with the top five host nations being made up of only 1 of the G8, Germany who accepted 1.1 million people.
The rest are Turkey (3.6 million), Columbia (1.8 million), Pakistan and Uganda (1.4 million) with the UK dropping from 238,000 in 2010 to 133,000 in 2019.
In response to the report Ruth Tanner, Oxfam GB’s Head of Humanitarian Campaigns said: “It’s deeply concerning that the number of forcibly displaced people has increased for the eighth year in a row to yet another record level.
“On top of the violence, persecution and hardship they may have fled, many are now also facing the threat of the coronavirus in overcrowded camps without enough clean water or health facilities.
“With the vast majority of the world’s refugees in developing countries, often struggling themselves with hunger and weak infrastructure, it’s time the international community stepped up to fully fund the UN’s coronavirus response plan.
“Many people are also stranded at shut borders or denied asylum because of the pandemic. It’s more important than ever that the Government creates safe and legal routes for people to come to the UK, including fairer rules on family reunion so refugees can live together with their loved ones.”